Nikereact.org – In general, the concept of drawing is the act of doodling on paper with a pencil or dye. Drawing, on the other hand, is the activity of processing the strokes of a drawing tool to mark the surface of the media with certain marks and using various techniques and tools to create an image. A picture is a two-dimensional work of art that helps explain or explain something.
The universe is an endless source of object inspiration for drawing. Objects in nature include flora, fauna, and natural objects. The beauty of flora, fauna, and natural objects is a source of inspiration and exploration in itself in drawing. Drawing flora, fauna, or natural objects has its own technique and method. Not all shapes can be made with the same techniques and concepts.
Images have several other types, one of which is an illustration image. An illustrated image is one of the images that will be discussed in this article. Of course, most of you are familiar with illustration images, but it is not uncommon for those who do not know the types of illustration images, their functions, elements, and the steps in making them.
This e-book discusses the methods of making engineering design modeling and design in 2-dimensional (2D) form using the existing facilities in AutoCAD. The types of 2D modeling and drawing discussed in this e-book include 2D models and images that we often find in object creation in manufacturing, design, graphic design in general,
Therefore, on this occasion, Gramedia will make a review of illustration images with matters related to illustration images. To know more about what an illustration image is, let’s look at the following review.
Definition of Illustration Image
Illustration comes from the Latin “Illustrare” which means to explain or explain. Thus the illustration image aims to explain an event. Some say illustration comes from the word illusion, which means a desired image reminiscent of a simple decoration. This is an introduction or addition with the aim of helping someone understand the meaning more easily and quickly.
Illustrated images are two-dimensional works of art designed to aid understanding. The definition of image illustration is the visualization of works created using drawing, photography, painting, or other artistic techniques that prioritize the relationship between the subject and the text rather than form.
Meanwhile, in the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), an illustration is an image to help clarify a book, essay, and others. Then, the illustration is also an image, design or diagram as a decoration. In addition, the KBBI also says that the illustration is an additional explanation to explain an explanation.
The above understanding of the image when it leads to the term journalism will contain a thousand meanings. In other words, it is language in the form of images that can be accepted by the reader to be more communicative. Here is an example.
- When we read a magazine, attractive pictures catch our attention and make us interested in reading and studying the contents of the magazine.
- If we read human anatomy textbooks such as Biology, we will find it difficult to learn unless it is supported by pictures of human limbs or skulls.
- If we read a newspaper about a disaster somewhere, it would be nice to have pictures to help the writing be more communicative.
Some of these examples are illustrations that emphasize the importance of image in certain aspects of life. Thus, drawing illustrations can be interpreted as an activity that expresses thoughts that are poured into two-dimensional media to provide explanations.
Types of Illustrations
Illustrated images have their own types to explain or clarify an event. With so many types of illustration images, it will certainly make it easier for humans when they are reading or learning something. Here are some types of illustration images.
1. Caricature Illustration Drawing
Caricature comes from the absorption word caricare which in Italian means a representation of something that is certain, but is made by highlighting the advantages of the object drawn in the form of a painting. Caricatures are made in funny, unique forms, and sometimes you can find caricatures as conveying a satire or criticism of an event.
This e-book contains the fun of different caricatures but with uncomplicated technicalities, including even coloring with flat colors. The use of the Adobe program doesn’t even need high specifications because all the technicalities only use flats / not gradations
2. Comic Illustration Image
Comics are a type of illustrated image which is defined as a medium that combines text and visual images into an illustrated story that conveys certain information. Comics usually have a storyline that is composed of consistent pictures in the form of books and sheets.
3. Cartoon Illustrations
Cartoon is a type of illustration that is presented in an attractive form and usually contains an interesting story. Cartoons are not only made to entertain readers, but also have meaning and purpose and intent such as conveying an implied message through cartoon images.
4. Illustrations of Literary Works
Illustrations of literary works are used as complementary media to emphasize the importance of literary works. Literary works can be in the form of short stories, poems, and poems. Because literary works provide a content-oriented presentation of examples of works as art, the use of sample images in literary works can arouse reading interest.
5. Vignette Illustration Drawing
A vignette illustration image is an image inserted to make the narrative more meaningful. It is used when you have an image that can define the intended narrative by inserting it to fill the blank space on the paper containing the narrative.
6. Illustrations of textbooks
Textbook illustrations are a type of exemplary painting that has the ability to explain texts and events, both scientifically and in the form of partial images. The types of images for example textbooks are natural images, charts and photos.
7. Illusion Illustrated Images
Illusion illustration is a kind of exemplary image that is produced from the creative imagination or imagination processing. There are many types of imaginary illustrations in story illustrations, cartoons, novels, and romances.
Illustration Image Function
Illustration is no longer limited to images that accompany text, but also includes broader things that have the same purpose, namely to attract or as a tool to explain something clearly. The following are some of the functions of illustrations, including:
- Has the function of beautifying the appearance.
- Used to describe the content of an article or story being told, such as in a comic book or graphic novel.
- As a means to represent the experience of the perceived event in visual form.
- Make item descriptions or explanations easier to understand.
- To attract the attention of someone who sees it. Where a book or magazine is inserted with illustrations, more people are interested in knowing the contents of the book.
Functions of Illustrations According to Experts
The function of the illustration image according to Arifin and Kusrianto is divided into several functions. The following are the functions of illustration images according to experts/
1. Descriptive Function
The descriptive function means that illustrated images replace written or text-based verbal explanations. These vivid illustrations make it easy and quick for a person to understand a piece of writing in a fun way.
2. Quantitative Function
Quantitative function means the function of illustration images that describe statistical data such as charts, graphs, tables, and photos, and makes it easier for someone to read and process qualitative data obtained from observations, surveys, experiments and various other types of research.
3. Expressive Functions
The expressive function means that the illustrations in the pictures help the text to express emotions, situations, or concepts that are abstract or difficult to understand, making them more purposeful, bold, and concrete. Examples of expression functions are expressions such as happiness, anger, and sadness.
4. Structural Function
The structural function of an illustrative image is to provide details of a part of an object or something else. In this case, it may not be easy to explain because it details the system or process and is easy to understand and analyze.
Illustration Drawing Elements
An illustrated image has elements that can be used as a work in it. Here are the elements of an illustration drawing.
1. Human Element
To draw human illustrations, you need to understand and master the proportions and anatomy of the human body, both adults and children. Proportional is a comparison of part or part or part with the whole. Anatomy is the location of bones and muscles that determine the main convex, secondary, and concave (whether protruding or not) of the human body which determines the overall body shape.
2. Animal Element
Animal illustration elements are not much different from human illustration elements. In this case you have to master the proportions and anatomy. Types and forms of animals can be grouped into land, air, and sea animals.
3. Plant Element
There are two ways to draw illustrations of different types of plants. That is, to draw plants simply and completely. When drawing a simple plant illustration, the plant is not drawn in detail, but only a cast in the form of a plant. Complete pictures, detailed plant illustrations and carefully drawn parts.
4. Other Object Elements
Other object elements are various kinds of natural objects, artificial objects, and objects of human imagination. All types of objects depicted in this illustration are usually only used as additions or decorations to the image.
In order to provide learning how to draw at the basic level, whether for the general level, high school, or art college circles, a book is needed that can describe how to draw in a sequential manner, easy to understand, and can be followed by students. For this reason, the description of the material in this book is made in stages, step by step so that it is easy to follow and apply to the chosen in such a way, sequentially from the easiest to the hardest objects.
Steps to Create an Illustration Image
In making an illustration, it takes four steps to make it, namely determining the idea, making a sketch, coloring and finishing. Here are the steps in making an illustration image.
1. Determine the Idea
The first step in drawing an illustration is deciding on an idea. The illustration idea must come from the material used to draw the illustration. After you have an idea, determine the character, scene, mood, and atmosphere that supports the scene in the picture. Decide which image and media style to use before starting the next step.
After the idea is determined, the next step is to make a sketch or create a design drawing. Pencils are usually used to sketch works of art, some directly use colored pencils, crayons, watercolors, ink tanks, and others. Sketches are usually simple lines that still represent a global simple design.
3. Do the Coloring
After sketching, the next step is coloring. This is done in accordance with the expected results when coloring the design of the illustration image. Expressive drawing is done in two styles, namely realistic patterns and unrealistic patterns, such as expressionism, impressionism, abstraction, and others.
4. Final Completion Step
The final step is to complete the drawing process by observing the overall image. If the image is still not perfect, you can fix it with this process.
that’s the discussion about illustration images starting from the definition, types, functions, elements, and the steps in making them. Of course you can create your own illustrations if you are interested.