Understanding Orientation: Types, Benefits, Objectives, Strengths, and Weaknesses

Understanding Orientation Types, Benefits, Objectives, Strengths, and Weaknesses

Nikereact.org – Have you ever heard the word orientation? Basically, the word is not a foreign word, especially in the world of education. At the beginning of each new school year, students who have just progressed to the next level will undergo a series of orientations. Then, what is orientation? What is the purpose of holding orientation?

In this orientation phase or process, new students are usually introduced to the history of the school and various matters related to the school. So it is hoped that new students will find it easier to carry out learning activities or socialize with friends from the same school. Well, if you are curious about the understanding of orientation in depth. Let’s see the full explanation below.

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Understanding Orientation?

Understanding Orientation Types, Benefits, Objectives, Strengths, and Weaknesses

Basically, the notion of orientation is an attitude and behavior towards others to create harmony in a new place. Not only that, orientation is also useful for improving individual performance in the process in a new place so that it can be maximized. With this understanding, we can conclude that orientation in the world of education is useful for introducing school backgrounds, then getting acquainted with other new students, and creating an atmosphere that seems more intimate in order to achieve goals that are in line with expectations.

During the Student Orientation Period or often abbreviated as MOS, usually new students will be introduced to the school environment. Where in the process, the school will welcome the arrival of new students. Generally these activities will be filled with a variety of exciting and challenging activities. Almost all schools do this. Starting from the level of junior high, high school, to university or college.

The program can be used as a forum to train discipline, determination, mentality, and also strengthen the brotherhood of new students. Introductions with fellow new students, teachers, seniors, and other employees at the school can be created more optimally thanks to the orientation period. An exciting and also interesting experience can also be obtained when you have finished passing the orientation period.

Application Orientation

As a goal-directing process and also an introduction to organizational life, orientation can also be applied in the following places:

a. Educational institutions
b. company institution
c. Military institution
d. Government institution

Usually, orientation will be used and applied in every aspect of human life, be it formally or informally. The process of introduction and general direction is also carried out when someone will enter a particular community or organization. Whether it’s structural like a school or abstract like a religious institution. The orientation in educational institutions is usually carried out thoroughly by one particular class.

Some of the principles of orientation in educational institutions also vary, depending on the type of school and the basic education adopted. For example, official or general. The nature of the orientation that exists in the realm of education is usually in the form of guidance and direction for regulations and compliance.

Meanwhile, for the orientation in an abstract institution such as a religious institution, usually the orientation will be applied as a moral compass for people before entering or when they want to explore a particular religion. The introduction and direction in religious institutions are usually doctrinal as well as dogmatic in a closed and inflexible manner.

Different from educational and religious institutions, the orientation in corporate institutions is usually more focused on organizational values ​​and clear job descriptions. This is almost the same as the nature of the orientation in educational institutions. Where the orientation within the company or government institution is usually in the form of compliance with regulations with additional explanations related to rights and obligations as employees or employees who are bound.

Types of orientation

As discussed above, orientation is usually recognized in three institutional domains based on the form of the institution. However, when viewed from the form of the orientation, there are several types of orientation that you need to understand, including the following:

1. Formal Orientation

Formal orientation is an orientation program that is usually formed with planning as well as goal setting. Formal orientation is carried out in the fields of education, government, and companies to introduce people who have just entered the environment. For employees or employees, a formal orientation is carried out to introduce the work environment.

2. Individual/personal orientation

Individual orientation is an orientation program that is carried out in a planned manner on one person with the aim of directing or explaining the task description personally. This type of orientation is usually used for executives who have just entered a company or new officials in the government.

3. Spatial Orientation

Spatial orientation refers to the ability to identify the position or direction of objects and points in the room. Not only that, spatial orientation is also usually used in psychological tests to find out an individual’s ability to position objects or objects.

Spatial orientation or what is commonly known as navigational ability is usually associated with the transformation of brain stimuli into space. Where this type of orientation is a complex human skill in tracking body position and also adjusting to the environment through displacement and direction finding. Individuals who find it difficult to determine direction and read maps usually have obstacles in their spatial orientation.

4. Serial Orientation

Serial orientation is a form of orientation that is done by applying criteria and norms to someone who has more experience. This is usually done in the field of education, where a student who has been accepted and orientated in the past. They will provide orientation to new students. Serial orientation is usually simultaneous and will continue. So that people who have undergone orientation will provide orientation in the future on an ongoing basis.

5. Disjunctive orientation

Disjunctive orientation is usually done in a personal way, namely in the form of self-reflection and adjustment to others who are judged to be behaving inappropriately. This type of orientation is usually done when someone sees another person who is considered unworthy of being a role model.

But from there, they can find a contrast value that can be applied within themselves. For example, in the world of work, an employee finds that his boss has a tendency to be late and likes to corrupt time. He realized that the boss could not be a role model for him. From that, he makes this behavior a reflection so that he is always on time and does not commit time corruption such as arriving late or taking too long a break and so on.

Orientation Benefits

According to the Oregon State University Human Resources website, it is explained that orientation is one of the important things because it has various benefits. There are several benefits of orientation that you need to understand. Here is a full explanation:

1. Providing Information

The first benefit that we can get from the orientation is a process of providing information aimed at new parties in a concise and accurate manner. Usually, orientation is done in a short period of time, so that various kinds of complex things are not explained and practiced more fully. However, in particular the understanding of this matter has been described effectively and briefly.

2. Boosts Confidence

Basically, orientation is a period or phase where a person or group of people can build confidence to enter a new institution. This is because the orientation aims to introduce them to new institutions. So that it will close the distance between members who were still insulated.

3. Increase Productivity

With self-confidence, a person or group of individuals will have a strong foundation to work and work productively. This is one of the benefits of having an orientation, namely so that a group of individuals can work with people who have been together for a long time in a more synergistic and harmonious manner without any barriers and other negative tendencies.

4. Increase Retention

The general benefit we get from the orientation is to increase the retention of a new person or group of individuals in an institution. Orientation can give new people a reason to stay strong and stay in an institution.

This is usually called retention. For employees or employees, orientation can prevent them from resigning or leaving the job too early. Meanwhile, for students, orientation and the attachments in it will make them reluctant to change schools or universities which is usually due to the relationship between individuals during the orientation period.

5. Forming Communication

The next benefit of the orientation is to form communication. This will later have relevance or linkage with productivity and also collaboration between individuals within an institution. Both in the field of education and the world of work. This orientation will form an initial communication space for new members. So that the relationship process will form naturally.

Orientation Goal

In general, the purpose of the orientation has been implied in several previous discussions. However, in particular the following are some of the orientation goals that you need to understand:

1. Study Room

The main purpose of the orientation is as a learning medium for new members in studying a new institution or organization. The learning is not only related to values, rules, and various other abstract things. But also spatial orientation is related to space such as the parts of the building where the institution is located. Introduction in an institution is also done in a complex manner so that people study it holistically.

2. Collaboration Room

In orientation, be it in the realm of education or the world of work, certain groupings are usually carried out which are given various group assignments. This is not done to make it difficult for the individual to do many tasks. But instead it aims to build a collaboration space between individuals to work together. The purpose of this orientation has sustainable benefits, where later people who have just joined will work together in terms of educational achievements or the goals of a company.

3. Relational Space

The purpose of the last orientation is to form a relational space for new individuals so that they can build relationships with new people. Relationships here are very important for the world of work or education. Outside of matters concerning work or education, relationships can have an impact on individual development or self-development and other needs.

In general, orientation has positive goals and intentions for new individuals or groups in an institution that they will enter. Orientation can make new people feel more comfortable and form a sense of belonging to an institution in particular. For those of you who have experienced an orientation period in an educational institution and are curious about how it feels to be oriented at a company, then of course you need to first apply for a job at an orientation company.

Orientation Advantages and Disadvantages

The following are some advantages or advantages and disadvantages of the orientation. Below is a full explanation:

a. Orientation Advantage

Orientation activities that run effectively can also contribute to short-term and long-term success. The following Human Resources or HR practices contain suggestions on how to make employee orientation more effective. One way to develop an efficiency of orientation is to use the practice of electronic orientation. Several companies have uploaded general employee orientation information on the company internet and their official websites.

b. Orientation Weaknesses

The weakness that usually arises from the orientation program lies with the supervisor. Although the HR department has effectively created orientation programs and trained superiors to orient themselves in their fields, it often fails. To avoid mistakes that are usually made by superiors, the HR department must provide clear guidance on what managers should do in the orientation program. Another option is the buddy system, by hiring experienced employees to invite new employees.

Orientation Stage

The orientation process requires preparation and planning to run effectively. Things that can be done include:

1. Preparing New Employees

New employees should have a sense that they are part of an organization. This is the responsibility of the HR unit and also the supervisor in forming perceptions of each new employee. Colleagues must also be able to accept the existence of new employees. Meanwhile, supervisors and managers must also discuss the objectives of recruiting new employees.

2. Consider Using a Good Friend Mentor

There are organizations that use their co-workers to act as mentors or good friends in the process of new employee orientation activities. It will involve people who have more experience with better performance to be role models for new employees.

3. Using the Orientation Checklist

HR members, supervisors or new employees can use a checklist or orientation checklist to provide new employees with the information they need. Some employment providers also require new employees to sign a checklist as a sign that they have been informed about the procedures and rules that exist within the organization.

4. Providing Supporting Information

Other important information that must be provided to employees includes work rules, benefits from the company, and other policies. In addition, policies regarding tardiness, vacation, sick leave, absenteeism, and other matters must be understood by new employees. The manager or supervisor must explain the work routine on the first day.

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