What is Food Self-Sufficiency?

What is Food Self-Sufficiency

Nikereact.org –¬†Food is the most important basic human need and is the right of every Indonesian. Processing food orders is very important as a key factor in realizing the quality of human resources that support national development. Therefore, it is necessary to make efforts to secure food security which is the basis of national development, and it is hoped that it can trigger development efforts in other fields.

Food crop commodities are also one of the main parts of the agricultural sector, and the government places it at the center of all development plans every year. Commodities from food crops are always sought to be available in sufficient conditions to meet the needs of food, feed and domestic industry, and these products function to meet these needs. This commodity plays a role as the fulfillment of the basic needs of the community for carbohydrates in industrial raw materials.

This book describes the issue of food self-sufficiency in times of disaster, including the Covid-19 pandemic, and provides alternative ideas for the community to remain resilient and independent in meeting their food needs. Experience has shown that alternative foodstuffs are widely available, as are cultivation techniques and food production, including in urban environments. On the other hand, the issue of welfare and empowerment of farmers still needs to be a common concern, especially when they have to deal with the food commodity trading system which is often not profitable for them. This book also provides examples of community resilience in dealing with disasters.

Because of the importance of food needs for the community, on this occasion Gramedia will discuss what food self-sufficiency is. For those of you who don’t know it will be new knowledge for you. To find out more about food self-sufficiency, let’s look at the following review.

Definition of Food Self-Sufficiency

What is Food Self-Sufficiency

Food self-sufficiency is a greater ability and knowledge to carry out these economic activities, especially in the food sector, thus enabling us to provide our own food needs through various activities to meet the needs of the Indonesian people. Natural resources that must be able to meet all the food needs of the Indonesian people. Efforts include

  • Establish laws and government regulations for farmers and farmland.
  • Provision of infrastructure for the cultivation of food crops, such as, purchase of land for irrigation and irrigation networks, printing of land to grow food crops, especially rice, corn, wheat, soybeans, and access to economic roads to the land.
  • Consultation and sustainable development for the improvement of seed production, medicine, technology, and human resources for farmers.
  • Food diversification so as not to depend on one staple ingredient, in this case rice/rice. The most likely diversity options for Indonesia are sago, wheat and maize (especially eastern Indonesia).

Therefore, diversification is part of a food self-sufficiency program that includes developing other options/alternatives for rice/rice stocks (because rice/rice is a staple food in Indonesia). One way is to socialize various menus that do not require the consumption of carbohydrates such as rice, such as cassava, sweet potatoes, and potatoes.

Self-Sufficiency Acceleration Policy

Over the past few years, the government has made and implemented various policy breakthroughs for food production and self-sufficiency while still prioritizing GGCG (Good Governance and Clean Government). This policy is primarily concerned with:

  1. Auctions are time consuming and non-seasonal
  2. Budget rebalancing;
  3. Expired seed assistance;
  4. Rewards and sanctions;
  5. Agricultural insurance;
  6. HPP and HET;
  7. Increasing program synergies; and
  8. Increasing the intensity of mentoring and escorting.

Strategies to encourage the implementation of national development programs must be effective not only in one or two breakthroughs, but also in a combination of various mutually supportive policies.

Food is the need of every human being, every nation and country. Food issues are not only related to technical production, or production and productivity, but have a much broader aspect. Food is also related to community culture, spirituality, local and international trade, even related to national politics.

Self-Sufficiency Achievement

The government has set priorities to achieve the goal of food self-sufficiency. The target for achieving food self-sufficiency targets rice, soybeans and corn in 2017. To that end, the government continues to strive to increase agricultural production.

The Ministry of Agriculture continues to make internal improvements through organizational transformation to accelerate the achievement of the food self-sufficiency target. The transformations carried out include, Reframing, Restructuring, Revitalizing, and Renewing.

reframing

Reframing is changing the concept of the Ministry of Agriculture about the goals to be achieved and how to achieve them. This is related to the spirit of the organization. Meanwhile, we often get stuck in a certain way of thinking and lose the ability to develop new mental models of where you are and what you might look like in the future. Dimensions of reframing include, getting mobilized, creating a vision and, building a measurement system. Reframing brings organizations to a new way of thinking and a new determination to get there.

Restructuring

Restructuring is an effort to reorganize the Ministry of Agriculture into a more proactive organization and more responsive to the various dynamics that occur. Although in formal organizations the organizational structure has not changed, there is a systematic organization in the implementation of special efforts.

At the operational level, the achievement of tangible goals is realized including the success of the program as a whole, namely by donating funds, mobilizing energy, repairing damaged water channels, fertilization support, availability of good seeds (type/variety, quantity, location, time, quality). , price), supporting tractors, supporting machines for preparation, harvesting, other post-harvest activities, and including marketing certainty.

Revitalizing

Revitalizing is a step by the Ministry of Agriculture to encourage the achievement of goals by connecting the Ministry of Agriculture with national development and a dynamic environment. All actors basically want to grow, but the source of growth is often difficult to understand, making the process of achieving goals even more difficult to achieve.

On that basis, the Ministry of Agriculture continues to involve stakeholders in special efforts programs. Through the Upsus program, the government is determined to realize food sovereignty in 2017. Various strategies and efforts are continuously being made to increase planted area and productivity in food production centers.

Renewing

Renewing is a new effort from the Ministry of Agriculture on the side of the actors. This is linked to investment in human capital with new skills and new goals, thus enabling the Ministry of Agriculture to continue implementing announced progress. Its implementation involves 3 (three) elements, namely, creating a reward structure, building a learning individual, and developing an organization. This step will increase the dissemination of knowledge about new policies and strategies and create capacity to adapt quickly.

Efforts to Strengthen Self-Sufficiency

Achieving food self-sufficiency requires enormous effort and energy to achieve it. This nation should not only be trapped in the definition of self-sufficiency which states that the ability to achieve production of 90% of food needs is already called achieving self-sufficiency.

In its implementation, efforts to maintain the achievement of food self-sufficiency so that it can continue in a sustainable manner at least until 2045, must be carried out harder so that the momentum does not return to its starting point and the nation’s energy is not drained to try to achieve self-sufficiency again.

The realization of food sovereignty as mandated in the 1945 Constitution cannot stop only with the status of self-sufficiency in food at a certain time, but self-sufficiency must continue to be preserved and even increased so that this country achieves a food surplus and is able to contribute to national food security and world food security.

The Problem of Achieving Food Self-Sufficiency in Indonesia
Positive population growth forces Indonesia to continue to increase rice production in order to be self-sufficient. Meanwhile, uncontrolled floods and droughts and the high rate of conversion of paddy fields to other uses recently indicate that the risk of countries stopping rice production is often increasing.

The decline in the government’s financial capacity to restore and expand irrigation networks has exacerbated production risk conditions. So it is very likely that some time in the future the country’s rice production will fall well below the level required to meet the target of achieving rice self-sufficiency. This means that there will be a shortage of millions of tons of rice in Indonesia at that time.

Indonesia clearly understands that the road to sustainable national food security lies in food self-sufficiency, not rice self-sufficiency. It means, like it or not, like it or not, the people of this country must diversify their food if they don’t want to face the food ‘doomsday’ in the future.

In fact, the government has long realized the importance of food diversification, and has even had various programs to promote it. However, an important point that has long been ignored by the government is that the rice self-sufficiency program is not compatible with the food diversification program.

As long as rice is available anywhere, anytime at a relatively cheap price like today, the Indonesian people will not be interested in reducing rice consumption and compensating with the addition of other food consumption, such as corn and sago.

The government should immediately make corrections to this erroneous food policy. It seems that we hardly expect a correction, for example, to occur in the near term. Rice self-sufficiency has become an arena for satisfying different interests.

This is actually what makes the people of this country fond of rice, not because their tastes are rigid. Because, in fact, every day Indonesians consume food packages which are a mixture of rice and not rice. This means that there is room for substitution of rice using non-rice in Indonesian food consumption packages.

However, this substitution space has become very narrow at this time. As a result, rice (rice) has become very common in the daily consumption package of the population of this country. This happens because the government has long implemented the wrong food policy.

There are parties who use it to launch political interests, there are many other parties who use it to receive economic rents (economic rent). For industries that pay their workers using low wages, self-sufficiency in rice that claims the availability of rice at low prices is very important. This is because workers who are paid cheaply cannot be productive if their food needs are not sufficient. In order for permanent workers to be productive even though they are paid cheaply, the price of food must be cheap.

Meanwhile, for developed countries with very large food surpluses, it is important to support Indonesia in pursuing rice self-sufficiency through technical and financial assistance. By prioritizing rice production, Indonesia will be left behind in other food production, although domestic demand is indeed increasing, as is national rice demand.

The resulting national production deficit will become a fragile export market for surplus food production. In fact, this explains why Indonesia is currently so dependent on the import market for expensive products such as corn and soybeans, as state media revealed in late 2009. The only way out of this rice self-sufficiency trap is the government’s determination to stop rice self-sufficiency and replace it with rice self-sufficiency. food self-sufficiency based on various foods.

That’s the discussion about what food self-sufficiency is. After reading this article, of course you understand the importance of food self-sufficiency for a country. We also need to manage our food ingredients so they don’t run out quickly in the future.

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